Power Requirements for Particle Acceleration Equipment

Particle accelerators are truly remarkable technologies that play a vital role across various industries. These innovative devices excel at accelerating and enhancing the energy of particle beams, whether they are composed of positively or negatively charged protons or electrons.

Within the realm of particle accelerators, a dynamic blend of physics and engineering takes center stage, with a particular spotlight on prominent research accelerators such as the renowned CERN’S Large Hadron Collider in Geneva. Beyond the headlines, a multitude of accelerators diligently operate daily, generating particle beams in diverse settings ranging from hospitals and clinics to manufacturing plants, industrial laboratories, ports, and even aboard ships at sea. Their utility spans far and wide, with a burgeoning focus on critical sectors like medicine, where they deliver precise tumor treatments, and in the semiconductor industry, where they effectively modify the electrical properties of silicon.

Power Requirements for Particle Acceleration Equipment

Accelerating Particles in the Semiconductor Industry

Doping in the semiconductor industry involves intentionally introducing impurities into a substrate, typically silicon, to enhance its conductivity. This process can be achieved through ion implantation, where ions are rapidly shot into the wafer, or diffusion, where the wafer is exposed to a high-temperature gas allowing the dopant to enter through random motion. Doping is a crucial step in semiconductor manufacturing, often involving numerous intricate processes.

Ion implantation steps are defined by energy and dosage requirements. Higher energy levels are necessary for deeper penetration into the substrate, requiring increased voltage at the accelerator stage. Dosage, on the other hand, reflects the quantity of atoms delivered per unit area, influencing the carrier concentration. As semiconductor components become smaller, ion implant tools must deliver precise concentrations of charge carriers at shallower depths, necessitating enhanced precision and faster communication from the power supply.

Power Requirements for Particle Acceleration Equipment

Advancing Particle Beams in Cancer Care

Utilizing high-energy x-rays (photons), linear accelerators precisely target tumors during radiation therapy, employing microwave technology to accelerate electrons within the waveguide. These energized electrons collide with a heavy metal target, generating focused high-energy X-rays tailored to match the patient's tumor profile through a collimator. Guided by magnets, the customized beam is directed towards the patient on the treatment couch, where operators finely tune the beam's trajectory by adjusting the voltage between magnets.

In contrast, proton therapy treats tumors with protons instead of traditional x-rays (photons), leveraging the unique Bragg peak phenomenon for precise depth penetration and concentrated energy dosage in the target area. Proton therapy, particularly effective for tumors near sensitive organs, involves various components within the system. Protons are accelerated in the cyclotron using a radio frequency (RF) system, requiring significant power input for RF amplifiers. Similar to linear accelerators, magnets maneuver the beam through the transportation system to the nozzle, delivering the targeted beam to the patient with exceptional precision.

Powering Particle Accelerators

Particle accelerators have unique power requirements for their radio frequency (RF) amplifiers and magnets essential for steering particle beams. The magnets, with their distinctive characteristics, call for specialized solutions to meet these needs, including programmable outputs, voltage ranges from 0-1000VDC, current control options, high power density, and reliability.

When it comes to powering particle accelerator systems, two standout solutions come to the forefront. The innovative LiquaBlade offers efficient liquid cooling in a compact 1U design, featuring top-notch power density. With programmability and an output voltage range of 0-500VDC, it caters perfectly to the demanding power needs of accelerators. Another strong contender is the MercuryFlex power system, delivering 3kW of power from an AC input (single or three-phase). This versatile solution offers an output voltage range of 0-450VDC with 380-480 3ph input. Both the LiquaBlade and MercuryFlex are hot-swap compatible, reducing the mean time to repair in these critical applications.

LiquaBlade N+1 (1)

When it comes to ensuring the optimal performance and reliability of power components for particle accelerator systems, HASS testing plays a crucial role in identifying any potential weaknesses or defects in the system. HASS, or Highly Accelerated Stress Screening, involves subjecting the power supply to accelerated stress conditions to simulate and detect potential failures before they occur in real-world scenarios. By implementing HASS testing throughout the development and operational phases of power supplies, researchers and engineers can proactively address any issues, improve system efficiency, and ultimately enhance the overall functionality of these vital technologies.

In conclusion, particle accelerators are groundbreaking technologies with widespread applications in various industries, from semiconductor manufacturing to cancer care. The intricate processes involved in accelerating particles require specialized power solutions like LiquaBlade and MercuryFlex, which offer efficiency, reliability, and programmability to meet the demanding needs of these systems. By implementing HASS testing and innovative power solutions, such as those provided by Astrodyne Tdi, researchers and engineers can ensure optimal performance and reliability in particle accelerator systems. For more information on power solutions for particle acceleration and to explore how Astrodyne Tdi can support your specific needs, please contact them today. Dive deeper into the world of particle accelerators and discover the endless possibilities they hold for advancing science, technology, and medicine.